Abstract The content of the program was reorganized by the State Energy Administration in the last round of institutional reform of the State Council. In order to strengthen energy management, the National Energy Administration managed by the Development and Reform Commission was established, and the actual results were good. In order to promote energy development and reform as a whole, strengthen energy supervision and management, the plan proposes that the country will be...Program content
Restructuring the National Energy Administration
In the last round of institutional reform of the State Council, in order to strengthen energy management, the National Energy Administration managed by the Development and Reform Commission was established, and the actual results were good. In order to promote energy development and reform, and strengthen energy supervision and management, the plan proposes to integrate the responsibilities of the current National Energy Administration and the Electricity Regulatory Commission and re-establish the National Energy Administration. The main responsibilities are to formulate and organize the implementation of energy development strategies, plans and policies, to propose energy system reform proposals, and to be responsible for energy supervision and management. At the same time, the SERC will no longer be retained. After the reform, the National Energy Administration continued to be managed by the Development and Reform Commission. The Development and Reform Commission is mainly responsible for the coordination of national economic and social development planning and energy planning.
Reorganization of the State Oceanic Administration
The plan proposes to reorganize the current State Oceanic Administration and its China Sea Superintendent, the Border Police of the Ministry of Public Security, the Chinese Fishery Administration of the Ministry of Agriculture, and the Customs Department of the Customs and Excise Department to reorganize the National Oceanic Administration, which is managed by the Ministry of Land and Resources. The main responsibilities are to formulate marine development plans, implement maritime rights enforcement, supervise and manage sea area use, and marine environmental protection. The State Oceanic Administration carried out maritime rights enforcement in the name of the China National Marine Police and accepted the business guidance of the Ministry of Public Security.
The institutional reform and functional transformation plan of the State Council officially surfaced. The plan proposes to integrate the responsibilities of the current National Energy Administration and the Electricity Regulatory Commission and re-establish the National Energy Administration. In this regard, the CPPCC National Economic and Social Committee members said in a group discussion yesterday that energy supply and security will need to be further strengthened in the reform. At the same time, energy regulation should also adapt to market-oriented development.
Lu Qizhou, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and general manager of China Power Investment Corporation, said in an interview that the purpose of the establishment of the SERC was mainly to supervise the market. So far, the electricity market has not formed, and the functions of the SERC have gradually become blurred. This adjustment, from the aspect of energy supervision and management, puts electricity, oil and gas and coal together, and is more conducive to the overall implementation of energy development strategies, plans and policies.
Previously, in 2002, the State Council carried out the reform of the power system. The most important reform was the separation of the plant and the network. The system of unified management in the past was separated from the power grid and power generation enterprises. The State Grid Corporation, China Southern Power Grid Corporation, and the five major power generation groups and related Sideline group.
In this regard, Wang Xiaomin, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and vice chairman of the State Electricity Regulatory Commission, said that from the perspective of power system reform and development, both the former Ministry of Power and the Ministry of Energy are correct now and in line with the laws governing the development of the market economy. At present, the competition, operation and development of the power market have achieved good results and formed a competitive mechanism. The biggest advantage brought by it is that construction costs have dropped significantly.
Wang Yimin believes that the current reform of the energy regulatory system has not yet fully adapted to marketization. There are still several knots that need to be studied in depth. The next step is to rationalize the energy system and the energy connection with the national macro management department. At the same time, Wang Yimin emphasized that reform is not a node problem and it is never ending. The adjustment and adjustment of state institutions is essentially a coordination issue, and the fundamental problem lies in the transformation of functions.
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